- Scientific Name
- Eublepharis macularius
- 15–20 years
- Up to 10" long
- Solitary: Keep males separate. Females may be kept together
- Asia, India and Pakistan
Leopard Geckos differ from most other geckos in that they’re larger and have outer ear openings and movable eyelids. Their feet do not have lamellae, the adhesive traction pads that allow other geckos to walk up smooth walls. Leopard Geckos can be many different colors and patterns. A bright, refreshed color is revealed each month when they shed their skin.
Leopard Geckos need a warm, dry environment, with a moist hiding place to help with shedding. Choose a terrarium that is 10 gallons or larger, and line it with calcium sand or reptile carpet. Provide a hiding place lined with damp moss on the cool side of the habitat, and a heat lamp or under-tank heat pad on the opposite side.
Leopard Geckos are most active at night. While they don’t need ultraviolet light to survive, they still need a regular 12-hour light/dark cycle. If ambient light in the room where you house your pet isn’t adequate, you can augment with a fluorescent bulb during the day. Keep the habitat out of direct sunlight to prevent overheating.
In the wild, these reptiles soak up heat at night by lying on rocks that are still warm from the daytime desert sun. An under-tank heater set at 90°F on one side of the terrarium, away from the hiding spot, will replicate this aspect of your pet’s natural habitat. Cover the habitat floor with several layers of substrate to protect against overheating.
Leopard Geckos need minimal humidity in their desert environment, except for the moist, mossy retreat on the cool side of the terrarium that helps them shed their skin. Place a hygrometer inside the habitat to monitor humidity—20–30% is optimal. Mist your pet and the mossy retreat every other day for added hydration.